Background

PDAO is a lawful non-profit and non-government organization which neither plays politics nor serves any political interests, nor discriminates against any races, skin colors and/or religions. It is an independent organization, whose objectives are to bring about peace and social justice through rural development, which contributes to poverty alleviation in Cambodia. PDAO has began its operation and program implementation since July 2005 following the change of the strategy of HEKS Cambodia Programme in Phnom Penh. It was officially registered and endorsed in the Ministry of Interior of the Kingdom of Cambodia in 07 August 2005. Since then, PDAO had continuous support from HEKS in terms of financial and technical supports until ending 2007 as after 3 years as a respected and successful NGO, PDAO has now a solid foundation for its continued growth and development. It has an active Board of Director, a clear vision and mission, goals and value, which correspond to the needs of communities. Over its thirteen years of operation, PDAO has built its expertise and gained respect across the Cambodian community. We have a history of success in supporting participatory development and in supporting community-based organizations at both the rural community and provincial level.

PDAOS APPROACH INVOLVES:

Community Mobilization – using the Self-Help Group (SHG) and farmers’ cooperative concept combined with Village Development Committees – to engage and motivate communities to adopt new ideas take control of their lives.

Capacity Building – in poor and disadvantaged communities – to improve self-esteem, increase knowledge and understanding in a number of areas including economic social and cultural right, human rights and democratic principles, governance and planning, rural development and climate change.

Specific skills training – in improving food security, diversify agricultural development, water security and sanitation, renewable energy, budgeting and money management, nutrition and environmental health, gender empowerment, disaster mitigation planning and climate change mitigation.

In continuing to meet these needs, PDAO relies primarily on financial support through international donors. However, PDAO recognizes that a stronger and more diverse funding base is required to ensure sustainability of our activities and allow for the expansion and further development of new projects in areas of particular need.

Our Technical Competence:

PDAO has a strong governance Board and extremely competent team of people that deliver it services. PDAO has been awarded a certificate of compliance with all standards in the Code of Ethical Principles, meeting minimal standards for NGOs in Cambodia (2010-2013), under the NGO Good Practice Project. We work with other NGOs and local and international institutions that share common goals to implement joint activities that contribute to poverty alleviation.

PDAO’s current business plan, a 5 years’ plan, to the end of 2021. The organization has a solid foundation with an active Board of Directors that consists of seven members, and a clear Vision and Mission, Goals and Values. PDAO has remaining an full-time operational staff of 27 people (7 female) located in Phnom Penh and other 8 provinces of Takeo, Kampot, Kampong Chhnang, Pursat, Battambang, Banteay Meanchey, Siem Reap, and Kampong Thom.

Our past and current donors/DP are including: HEKS Swiss Interchurch Aid Organization, USAID through Pact Cambodia, DFID through Options Cambodia, World Bank though The Asia Foundation (TAF), Heifer International Cambodia, EU through Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), Asian Development Bank (ADB), Australian Business Volunteer (ABV), Engineering Without Border (EWB), CrossField Japan, Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland through Environment and Energy Partnership Mekong (EEP), Global Sanitation Fund through Plan International Cambodia, AusAID/DFAT, and Oxfam. A plus as ended 2017, our on-going projects are currently implementing with financing by EU, ADM, DFAT, Edotco, and Terre Des Hommes Netherland.

PDAO has a history of success in supporting participatory development. PDAO’s programs are aimed at developing good governance at the local community level by empowering women and the poor to participate actively in local and provincial government.

Through these experiences, PDAO has been successful in developing and strengthening numbers of community based organizations (CBO), self-help groups (SHG), farmer cooperatives, and farmers’ association in Takeo and Kampot provinces. Two provincial associations namely, the Association for Peace and Progress of Farmers in Takeo and Kampot have successfully been established and now operate independently and sustainably, they are functioning effectively in the community without being dependent on PDAO for support. These two associations comprise of a total of 54 member associations located in 54 villages. Aside from this PDAO has facilitated the development of 96 SHGs within these two provinces that now function confidently in the community.

The linkages and strong relationships that have been built from the grass-root up to the provincial level influence PDAO’s work greatly. PDAO continues to collaborate with these organizations to further strengthen community mobilization in the areas of climate change adaptation, food and water security and local good governance, while continuing to search for opportunities to build social enterprise for self-sufficiency. The expansion of PDAO into the Tonle Sap region of Cambodia through consultancy work is enabling similar relationships to be developed in new areas of Cambodia and expanding the scope of PDAO’s engagement.

PDAO’s objective is to bring about peace and social justice through rural development, which contributes to poverty alleviation in Cambodia. PDAO’s Goals and Purposes are to ensure socioeconomic improvement for Cambodian people living in rural areas by enhancing the promotion on economic social and cultural right, agricultural development, educating about health and nutrition and increasing alternative sources of family income. In order to realize our Goals, PDAO works to build and strengthen closer relationships with local authorities and to establish networks with other NGOs to work with PDAO’s target group members and increase the effectiveness of our programs.

Our methods are as follows:

  • Maintain and manage resources including financial support in response to long-term rural development.
  • Support citizens in the communities by building their capacity in agriculture to ensure food security, uphold rural industry and create capital reserves to provide resilience against natural disasters.
  • Encourage poor citizens to develop their household economy in order to alleviate poverty in their communities.
  • Increase active participation of civil societies in public services and the commune development affairs.
  • Increase the transparency and accountability of local government.
  • Cooperate with other NGOs and local and international institutions that share common goals to implement joint activities that contribute to poverty alleviation.

PDAO also actively encourages women to participate in the CBOs by stressing the important role women can play in community decision making at community meetings. The selection criteria for membership of Community Based Organization (CBO)’s members and leaders we facilitate include reference to a target of 40% women. PDAO encourages women to take a leadership role in CBOs and encourages membership of the village development committee (VDC) and the project management committee (PMC) system. We use role models from early project stages to help encourage other women to participate. Husbands and wives are both encouraged to participate in the project activities such as: general meetings, awareness campaigns, village development affairs, trainings, and other important events related to input delivery, passing on the gifts ceremonies, and the community forums.

Our methods and approaches to promote participation and involvement in decision-making of the most vulnerable – women, widows, people with disabilities, children, minorities encourage participation from the onset of the projects’ implementation. These people are an important focus for involvement in the projects.

Capability and experience of managing and accounting for grants

PDAO has extensive experiences in managing numbers grants using QuickBooks Software for operating a single project as well as the organization-wide accounting system. A strong internal financial policy has established the chart of accounts and the rules for operating the system. This policy has been applied by a number of professional finance staff within the organization.

In addition, PDAO has experienced and professional Executive Director and Project Manager to oversee this project. They have experience in ensuring projects are delivered on time, on budget and in accordance with the project plan. In the previous years and the recent year, PDAO has(is) implemented(ing) and managing grant for over sixteen (16) projects with different sources of funding organization, including European Commission through Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), The World Bank through The Asia Foundation (TAF), HEKS Swiss Interchurch Organization, USAID through Pact International Cambodia, DFID through Options Cambodia, ADB through the Ministry of Rural Development (MRD), Heifer International Cambodia, The Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland through the Environment and Energy Partnership Mekong (EEP), Plan International Cambodia, DFAT, Oxfam, and EU.

We have been successful in managing and accounting for all these grants each with different reporting mechanisms. All these experiences are proven our capacity in managing and implementing the above proposed project and we are happy to have our capacity verified through contacting these organizations.

Project management experience, monitoring and evaluation capacity

PDAO takes seriously its core-values including: Participation, Respect, Ownership, Accountability, Capacity Building, Transparency and Fairness. All project PDAO seriously tracking the performance indicators through Project Performance Management Plan (PPMP) which all projects are required to encode into online database Project Performance Management System (PPMS) which is well structured and described clearly on key output indicators, in-charge person, and the support team. All team members required to keep regular update all progress, problems encountered, or suggestions/recommendation into the PPMS which the assigned Project Director will be regularly monitored and reviewed the achievement against planning and timely provide feedbacks and solutions addressing the encountered issues. Some important quality indicators, include but are not limited to, planning and monitoring, joint decision and problem solving amongst consortium members and the lead, resource mobilization and contribution, operation and maintenance. Internal audit procedures unit will include random spot checks of activities completed to make sure that they are performed in accordance with quality standards.

This project, online database M&E system is developed to keep track and obtain regular and accurate information of the project delivery to meet the expected results.

– Regular monitoring of outputs and activities, as a part of the project-reporting framework to keep track on progressive outputs and as per the performance indicators specified in the Project Outline and in the performance review section in the work plan.
– Apply a monitoring system on SHG capital management, resource management, passing on the gift track record, etc. will be established and applied to all SHGs and regularly reporting on a quarterly basis (the result will be available for the donor).
– Post training evaluation at all training sessions will be undertaken.
– Evaluation of the efficiency of the project will primarily be assessed using against the baseline survey report
– A review of Commune Investment plans will be undertaken to establish if the community inputs has been incorporated into the planning process, for year 2018&2019 planning.
– Perform quarterly and annual reflection project assessment and planning workshop with project staff and the PMCs to assess on progress against the projects objectives and its planned activities.

Our Geographical Experiences

PDAO has been working with communities in two provinces (Takeo and Kampot) since 2005 and has expanded services to six other provinces around Tonle Sap in March 2011 to May 2015 (Kg. Thom, Siem Reap, Banteay Meanchey, Battambang, Pursat, and Kg. Chhnang) under a consultancy contract with the Ministry of Rural Development (MRD)/Asian Development Bank (ADB) grants including the Additional Financing and the new program in a new province, Kampong Cham from 2015-2017. In total, PDAO is experienced in implementing numbers of projects in nine (9) provinces in Cambodia from 2005 to present.