Second Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project (RWSSP-II) – Additional Financing

Assignment Name: Second Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project (RWSSP-II) – Additional Financing

Country: Cambodia

Location within Country:  6 provinces, Kampong Thom, Siem Reap, Banteay Mean Chey, Battambang, Pursat, and Kampong Chhnang.

Professional Staff Provided by PDAO: 21 Professional Staffs

Donor: MRD and Asian Development Bank (ADB)

No. of Staff: Eighteen (18) program staffs and 3 support staffs, total of 21 staffs.

Address: Phnom Penh, Cambodia

No. of Staff-Months:  360 person/month

Duration of Assignment: 48 months

Start Date (Month/Year)

17 July, 2017

Completion Date

19 June, 2015

Approx. Value of Services: USD 490,440.00

Name of Associated Consultants: PDAO is an Associate Consultant and Lead by NIRAS

Narrative Description of Project:

The Second Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project has an expected outcome to improved access to water supply for 377,000 rural residents and sanitation for 290,000 rural residents in 400 villages in 40 communes in 16 districts of six provinces. The project covers 100% of villages in each commune and aims to achieve 100% water supply and at least 80% physical sanitation coverage in each commune. It is a sector investment project with five outputs: (i) improved community health and hygiene practices; (ii) rehabilitated, upgraded, and new water facilities; (iii) improved public and household sanitation; (iv) strengthened sector planning and development; and (v) improved capacity for project implementation.

Recognizing Cambodia’s susceptibility to climate change and natural disasters, the TA developed a new and comprehensive capacity development program for the RWSS sector, moving away from traditional RWSS and water, sanitation, and health (WASH) initiatives to develop the more holistic approach required for future more sustainable development. The TA was implemented over 24 months and supported the progressive mainstreaming of climate change adaptation and disaster risk management into RWSS.

Services Provided by PDAO:

The TA integrated new concepts and initiatives linked directly to the loan, including (i) development of rural water safety plans for both rural water and sanitation; (ii) education and training in climate change resilience and adaptation for RWSS, particularly for floods, droughts, and impacts on groundwater; (iii) disaster risk management (planning, response, and recovery) to better prepare and react to such climate change impacts; and (iv) mainstreaming of climate change directly into RWSS initiatives, specifically targeting local government and village levels, where the impact is directly felt.

The outcome of the TA was to improved capacity for project implementation and project sustainability. Key performance targets and indicators are:

(i)       The capacity of MRD staff members at national, provincial, and sub-provincial levels is enhanced.

(ii)      Sector performance is improved (improved outputs in terms of numbers and quality).

(iii)     Training for climate change adaption/mitigation is developed and included

(iv)      Disaster risk management plans for RWSS prepared for national, provincial, and local levels.

(v)       At least 40% of those that attend training are female.

The TA had three primary outputs:

    • Output 1 – Develop a new RWSS capacity development model/program
    • Output 2 – Develop capacity development in RWSS to support the loan activities
    • Output 3 – Develop and roll-out new initiatives for enhanced project sustainability comprising:
  • Rural water safety plans
  • Climate change awareness and disaster management programs for schools
  • Support for local production, supply, and maintenance

Output 1 developed a new RWSS capacity development program to increase knowledge at national and provincial levels and enhance project sustainability, providing a top-down strategy and approach for RWSS in Cambodia.

Output 2 provided the corresponding capacity development in RWSS to increase operational knowledge at commune and village levels to support the physical loan activities in all proposed 28 communes.

Output 3 developed and roll-out new activities in selected communes to (i) support capacity development and infrastructure initiatives under the loan and (ii) enhance RWSS sustainability into the future through replication and scaling-up on new projects.